Al-Mansur introduced justice and honesty in the administration of justice

Al-Mansur introduced justice and honesty in the administration of justice

Al-Mansur introduced justice and honesty in the administration of justice

Introduction of justice, He was appointed in the provinces. They judged according to the law. From time to time the Sultan would hear the verdict in the ranks of the general public to watch the trial of the Qazi. During his time, Muhammad bin Abdur Rahman was the Qazi of Baghdad for 20 years.

Patronage of science fiction: Al-Mansur was a liberal patron of science. He established a translation department to translate valuable texts from different civilizations into Arabic. He established laboratories for the development of literature, history, mathematics, medicine, astrology and hadith. In his patronage. The Arab astronomer Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari translated Siddhanta, a book of astronomy written in Sanskrit, into Arabic. Aristotle, Euclid, Ptolemy's science books were also translated into Arabic. The Indian book Hitapedesh is translated into Arabic. 

Patron of architecture: Mansur was also a liberal patron of architecture. At this time Persian influence was observed in architecture. In addition to the city of Baghdad, there are two palaces in Qasr al Khuld and Rusafa for Prince Mahdi. Built. "Al-Mansur built a palace and a mosque in Raqqa in 62 AD," Cresswell said. 


Patron of education and culture

Al-Mansur established large educational institutions in Kufa, Basra, Mosul, Baghdad, Damascus, Diyarbakir, Aleppo, Hims, Hama, etc. with the aim of developing education and culture. These educational institutions provide free educational materials to the students. 

Patron of Sunni doctrine: Caliph Mansur patronized the Hanafi and Maliki schools of thought in order to harmonize spiritual power with worldly power. At this time, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik expressed his philosophical views on the real value of human life, the work of creation for the sake of the Creator, etc. 


Preservation of Quran-Hadith: Mansoor arranges the practice of Tafsir and compilation of Hadith with the interpretation and relevant commentary of the Holy Quran. He also took the initiative to preserve the ancient poems.


Public Works: Al-Mansur was a pro-people ruler. He built many cities, inns, highways and hospitals in the empire. He surveyed the land and determined the amount of land and revenue. He took various steps to improve trade and commerce.  Character of Khalifa Al-Mansur. 


Body composition and personality
Al-Mansur introduced justice and honesty in the administration of justice

Khalifa al-Mansur was tall, well-groomed, dark-skinned and handsome. He was a man of strange character. In his personal life he was a pious, idealistic, just and pure character. On the other hand, he was a hypocrite, a traitor, an oppressor and ignorant. But he is obscene, no. ' He did not indulge in immoral activities. 


Appointment of successor: Al-Mansur canceled the nomination of As-Saffah in 65 AD and gave the title of Al-Mahdi to his son Muhammad. Jesus, who had previously believed in this, opposed it, but later accepted it. The people also acknowledge the Mahdi's allegiance. 


Person Mansour: As a person, Al-Mansour was a loving man. He introduced a loving father by building a separate palace for his sons. As a true Muslim, he followed Islam. Historian 20516019, "If we could forget his perfidy in compassing the death of such as he feared and hated our estimate of Al-Mansur would be very different. As a Muslim, his life was religious and exemplary.


Ruler Mansur: Although Mansur was a just ruler, he was cruel and treacherous. He did not hesitate to remove anyone from the world for fear of the future security of himself and his family. Among those who worked tirelessly to bring the Abbasids to power, they did not hesitate to kill Uncle Abdullah, a true friend of Abu Muslim, and many of the Ali clan. . Historian Muir said, "With all his good qualities, nevertheless, the verdict must be against Al-Mansur as a treacherous and cruel man." That is, “in spite of all his virtues, as a traitor and cruel. The verdict of history will go against him. ” 


The real founder of the Abbasid dynasty 

After the death of Abul Abbas As-Saffah, the founder of the Abbasid dynasty in 654, Mansur defended the Abbasid society from the oppression of the internal Gaelic and the attack of the external enemy. His tireless. The foundation of the newly established Abbasid dynasty was strengthened by hard work, indomitable courage, foresight and diplomatic wisdom. Amir Ali said, "Although As-Saffah was the first caliph of the Abbasi dynasty, Abu Jafar was the real founder of this dynasty." Due to Mansur's contribution to peace and order, science, art, literature, prosperity and creation, it would be fair to call him the real founder of the Abbasi dynasty. 


Death of Al-Mansur: Caliph Abu Jafar Al-Mansur died at the age of 65 in a place called Maymuna near Mecca on October 7, 65 AD while on his way to Mecca for Hajj.



There is no denying that joint work

Nawab Abdul Latif and Syed Amir Ali find similarities in education reform.


Political Party: Congress, Muslim League Political Party: Congress, Muslim League Despite the isolated struggle against British rule in the Indian subcontinent, the Congress and Muslim League were formed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to assert political rights. These two parties played an important role in India's independence. Indian National Congress The establishment of the Indian National Congress in 175 AD is a landmark event in the political history of colonial India. Dr. R. C. Majumdar commented, "A new era in the political life of India began with the foundation of the Indian National Congress towards the very end of the year 1885." 

"The establishment of the Indian National Congress at the end of 175 AD ushered in a new era in Indian political life." Origin. Several small political organizations were formed in the subcontinent before and after 1857 against the British rule. These organizations were formed on the initiative of the Bengali middle class and elite community educated in English. The British India Society was established in 1843 with the aim of forming public opinion for the just rights of Indians. Later, in 1851, the British India Association was established in Bengal. Following this, similar organizations were established in Bombay and Madras. But because it was controlled by the zamindars and aristocrats, it did not develop relations with the middle class or the common people. In 18 AD, Surendranath Bandyopadhyay, the leader of Bengal, formed another organization in Calcutta called the 'Indian Association' or Bharat Sabha. Movements began in various parts of India, including Calcutta, to demand jobs and jobs. Lord Lytton, who became viceroy in 18 AD, was variously reactionary. The educated and middle class were outraged. Protests broke out in various cities, including Delhi, Aligarh, Lahore, Benares and Amritsar, followed by the Vernacular Press Act in 18 AD. Dissatisfaction Was one of the reasons. Controversy and protests erupted among Indian Europeans over Lord Ripon's 'Ilbert Bill' (granting Indian judges European powers to prosecute criminals) as soon as these grievances were dispelled. Protests in Tale beat the dignity and national consciousness of Indians.


Formation of the National Congress

In 183 AD, educated Hindus, led by Surendranath and Ananda Mahen Basu, met at a conference at Calcutta 1 Hall.


Awareness of the rights of Indians and the ongoing protests in the British Empire

Fearing danger, Lord Dufferin and English bureaucrat Alan Octavian Hume realized the need to alleviate the boss's dissatisfaction from an administrative point of view. In 183, Hume published a pamphlet for the University of Calcutta, advising them to form a permanent association to gain political, social, emotional and moral encouragement. He assured the government of its support for the organization.



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