Historians Masudi, renowned philosophers Farabi and Abul Qasim and linguist Dilwari

Historians Masudi, renowned philosophers Farabi and Abul Qasim and linguist Dilwari

Historians Masudi, renowned philosophers Farabi and Abul Qasim and linguist Dilwari

Although Moiz-ud-Daulah was a ruler of a cruel nature, he was fond of art and literature. At this time the Shia sect was strengthened and the practice of celebrating 10 Muharram Ashura Day was introduced. Enough of knowledge and science during his reign. Gains patronage.

Jaddaulah (97 AD): After the death of his father Muiz-ud-Daulah, in 98 AD, his son Bakhtiyar was given the title of 'Ichchuddaulah'. Accepting the position of Amir-ul-Umara. When Abbasid Caliph al-Muti became paralyzed, he succeeded his son Attai (964-991 AD) to the caliphate. During the caliphate of Izzaddoulah al-Mutir, Iraq was threatened by a group of Turks, and his cousin Azdoudoul bravely rescued him. Father. Ignoring Ruknuddaulah's request, Azduddaulah deposed Ichchuddaulah and killed him. 

Azduddaulah: Azduddaulah ascended the throne in 96 AD. He was in charge of Amir-ul-Umara till 963 AD. Observed. Azdudullah was the greatest of the nine Buaid emirs. P. K. Hitti said, "The Buwayhid power reached its zenith under 'Adud-al-Dawlah, a son of Rukn." During the reign of Az-Daulah, the power of Buaid reached its highest point. In efficiency and prudence, Azdudullah was not only the best Buaid emir, but also one of the most famous rulers of that era. He consolidated the small kingdoms of Iraq and Persia, established by the Emir of Buaid, and established a vast empire similar to that of the Abbasid Caliph Harun. He received the titles of 'Sultan' and 'Shahanshah'. P. K. Hitti said, "Adud was the first ruler in Islam to bear the title of 'Shahanshah'." In addition, Caliph At-Tai gave him royal honors with the title 'Taj-ul-Millat' (crown).

Establishing kinship with the Caliph

When Caliph Al-Muti became paralyzed, in 98 AD, Azdudullah installed the Caliph's son Abu Bakr Abdul Karim on the throne with the title 'At-Tai Billah'. When a son was born in a blood-stained corner of the Abbasid and Buayd bloodhouses, Azdudullah married his daughter to Caliph Attai in the hope of a just conquest of the caliphate, and he himself married one of the caliph's daughters

The sovereignty of the caliphate is undermined

Azduddaulah, blinded by the power, insults the sovereign caliph of the spiritual and worldly affairs of the Muslim world. He compelled the caliph to give him a khilat, a pearl-studded crown, a state flag, a sword, a bracelet, and so on. Historical T. W. According to Arnold, "the caliph did more for him. He also ordered the recitation of the name of Az-Daudullah in the Friday sermon.

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Patronage of knowledge and science

Historians Masudi, renowned philosophers Farabi and Abul Qasim and linguist Dilwari

During the reign of Azduddaullah, the pursuit of art, science and literature flourished. Poet Mutanabbi, grammarian Abu Ali, astronomer Sharif, mathematician Abul Qasim and medical scientist Ali decorated his court. Abu-Ali-al-Farsi gained fame by composing 'Kitab-ul-Idah' in his honor. The famous encyclopedia author Ikhwans Safa or the holy Bhatsangha wrote 50 authentic books on science, philosophy and literature during the Buaid period. 

Public Works: For the benefit of the people, Azdudullah built many mosques, schools, colleges, hospitals, roads and dug many canals in the empire. He reformed the irrigation system in Iraq. In 96-989, he built a hospital in Baghdad called Al-Bimaristan Al-Azudi. There, 24 doctors used to give free treatment and medicine to the patients. He established and renovated numerous churches and monasteries. According to the historian Miskiwa, "although the court of Azdudullah was established in Siraj, the beauty of the city of Baghdad would increase hundreds of times if many beautiful buildings were erected."

Shams-ud-Daulah (963 AD)

After the death of Azduddaulah in 963 AD, his son Shams-ud-Daulah. (Sun of the Empire) Amir-ul-Umra was nominated. He took the title of Shams-ul-Millat or the Sun of Religion. Sharaf-ud-Daulah: In 965, Sharaf-ud-Daulah overthrew his brother Saif-ud-Daulah and seized power. He was knowledgeable and enthusiastic and built an observatory like Khalifa Al-Mamun a year before his death. He died in 989 AD. During this time many educators, mathematicians and astrologers gained his patronage and turned Baghdad into an educational and cultural center.

Abu Nasr Baha-ud-Daulah 

After the death of Sharaf-ud-Daulah in 69 AD, his brother Abu Nasr Baha-ud-Daulah was appointed Amir-ul-Umara with the title of 'Alayer of the Kingdom'. He overthrew Caliph At-Tai in 991 and installed his brother Abul Abbas Ahmed on the throne of Baghdad, giving him the title of Al-Qadir Billah. Baha'u'llah was pious, compassionate, and intelligent. He was against the Mutazila doctrine. His famous Persian minister Sabur Ibn Ardashi's 993 in Baghdad with a library of 10,000 books is interesting. Built the academy. The famous Syrian poet Al-Mabi was the custodian of that library. He was born in 1012 AD. Was in power till.

Al-Mustansir (1035-1094 AD)

Al-Mustansi has only 11. His reign was Muslim. Liberal by Zarzayari from this time Mother became Alpha at the age of 11. The reign of Ma Ali al-Mustanasar, number 50, was the longest in the Muslim world. At the beginning of his reign his mother had all the power.

From time to time, the prestige of Ghilfit in Fatima has been gaining ground. So that the caliphate.

The seedlings were being generously ruled. After his death, Mustansir's mother ruled the caliphate. At this point, the newly appointed Sudanese guards began interfering in the administration. He is his predecessor Monir Voke hired an advisor. For many years after that, Saad was in real power. Soon a fierce revolt broke out between the Tuki and Negro troops of Musatanasir. A man named Sikin led the uprising. Thus the reign of al-Mustansib was a bislaparga. Later, Turkish army chief Nasir captured Cairo and carried out extensive looting of the caliph's palace. Caliph Abul Qasim al-Mustali (1094-1102 AD) After the death of Mustanisar in 1094 AD, civil war broke out among his sons. Mustansi's next successor. He persuaded his son Nazar, but Abul Qasim al-Mustali seized power by force. Badr Jamali. Assuring Najjar of military assistance, Najjar proclaimed him caliph of Alexandria and took the bayat in his hands. In the news, forces led by Prime Minister Muhammad Malik Shah killed Najjar. In 1099, the Christian Crusaders laid siege to the Temple for 40 days, killing 70,000 Muslims. Caliph Abul Qasim al-Mustali failed to recapture Baitul Muqaddas.

Abu Amir Ali (1101-1130 AD)

 When the Caliph died in 1101 AD, his 5 year old son Abu Amir Ali ascended the throne. Prime Minister Muhammad Malik Shah was appointed his guardian. But when he failed to capture Baitul Muqaddas, Caliph Abu Amir Ali assassinated the Prime Minister in 1121 AD. Then Jalalul Islam became the Prime Minister. In 1125, the caliph killed him and his brother Mumin. 

Caliph Al Hafiz (1130-1149 AD): In 1130 AD, the Caliph himself was killed by a group of charismatic Fidri assassins. As the caliph was childless. Cousin Abdul Majid Al-Hafiz took power with the title of Lidinillah. He was a lazy man by nature. He came to power and assassinated the Prime Minister and several other ministers. In the end, he could not trust anyone, so he appointed his own son. When his son removed him and tried to seize the throne, the caliph appointed Sunni Rizwan as prime minister. When the Shia-Sunni conflict started, Rizwan left the ministry due to the pressure of the situation. The people were relieved when the caliph died in 1149 AD. Gains. Caliph Al Jafir Billah (1149-1154 AD). After the death of Caliph Al Hafiz, his son Abu Mansur Ismail ascended the throne with the title 'Al-Jafir Billah'. Sit down. He appointed a man named Adil as the Prime Minister. The caliph left all administrative work on him

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